Sociodemographic Factors Associated with the Level of Knowledge of Early Postpartum Women about Oral Health Prevention in Infants Aged 0 to 2 Years Old: A Cross-Sectional Study under a Multivariable Analysis

Nilda Gaspar-Damaso, Marysela Ladera-Castañeda, Nancy Córdova-Limaylla, Gissela Briceño-Vergel, Luis Cervantes-Ganoza, Miriam Nicho-Valladares, Alberto Cornejo-Pinto, Alí Echavarría-Gálvez, César Cayo-Rojas

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Resumen

The objective was to evaluate the sociodemographic factors associated with the level of knowledge of early puerperal women about oral health prevention in infants. This cross-sectional and analytical study evaluated 303 early puerperal women from a hospital in the Peruvian capital. A validated 18-question questionnaire was used to measure the level of knowledge. A logistic regression model was used to evaluate the influence of age, marital status, educational level, number of children, monthly income, and having a dentist as a family member. A significance of p < 0.05 was considered. A total of 46.86%, 30.36%, and 22.77% of the puerperal had poor, fair, and good knowledge, respectively. The risk of having poor knowledge was two times higher (OR = 2.43; CI: 1.26–4.70) in early postpartum women aged 18 to 25 years than in those older than 35 years. Early postpartum women with no education, primary and secondary education were 11 times (OR = 11.76; CI: 2.41–57.43), 6 times (OR = 6.61; CI: 1.72–25.45), and 5 times (OR = 5.50; CI: 1.52–19.89), respectively, more likely to have significantly poor knowledge compared to those with university education. In conclusion, only a small minority of early postpartum women had a good knowledge of oral health prevention in infants aged 0 to 2 years. Younger and less educated puerperal were at greater risk of having little knowledge on this topic. Finally, not having basic education was the main risk factor identified.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1881
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volumen20
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2023

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