Prospectivas del uso de vehículos con batería ion-litio y desarrollo sostenible en Sudamérica

Violeta Leonor Romero-Carrión, Julián Ccasani-Allende, César Augusto Rivadeneyra-Rivas, Juan Carlos Guillermo Altamirano-Romero

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

South America has the lithium deposits that enable economic growth in the region, given the global demand for manufacturing batteries for electric vehicles, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The objective is to determine the relationship between the use of lithium-ion battery vehicles and the components of sustainable development in South America. The design is non-experimental, correlational, and analytical. The sample comprises Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. A documentary analysis was conducted, and a hypothesis test statistic was applied based on the data found in the literature. The results show that by the year 2034, sales of electric vehicles will continue to grow at an annual rate of 25.2%. The application of Spearman's Rho confirms a significant correlation between the type of energy (fossil and electric) used by vehicles and their CO2 eq emissions. However, the current regulations in the region do not facilitate effective management of the lithium value chain. There are social conflicts related to the use of water in lithium extraction, non-compliance with agreements by operating companies, and a lack of transparency, leading to the cancellation or suspension of 50% of mining projects.

Título traducido de la contribuciónProspects of the use of lithium-ion battery vehicles and sustainable development in South America
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículoA-008
PublicaciónRevista Kawsaypacha: Sociedad y Medio Ambiente
Volumen2023
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023

Palabras clave

  • Battery
  • CO2
  • Electric vehicle
  • Lithium
  • South America
  • Sustainable development

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