DESIGUALDAD EN LA MORTALIDAD NEONATAL DEL PERÚ GENERADA POR LA POBREZA Y EDUCACIÓN, 2011–2019

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: This study aimed to analyze inequality in the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) between departments in Peru, generated by poverty and education, in the years 2011 and 2019. Materials and methods: Ecological study based on the analysis of social inequalities in health, recommended by the World Health Organization. The health indicator was the NMR. Poverty, measured as the existence of at least one un-met basic need per department, and education, average years of study of women of childbearing age per department, were selected to stratify equity. We calculated the absolute inequality gap (AG), the relative inequality gap (RG) and the health concentration index (HCI). Results: A higher NMR was found in departments with greater poverty and less education. In the NMR generated by poverty, the AG decreased from 8.13 to 2.24 between 2011-2019 and the RG from 2.08 to 1.31. The AG of the NMR according to education dropped from 4.50 to 2.31 and the RG from 1.62 to 1.28. The HCI registered values close to zero and with a decreasing trend; in 2019 it was 0.07 for poverty and 0.06 for education. Conclusions: There is inequality in neonatal mortality between departments in Peru according to poverty and edu-cation, which decreased between 2011 and 2019 mainly in the poor or less educated population. The Ministry of Health should continue to reduce neonatal mortality by promoting interventions with a greater population focus.

Título traducido de la contribuciónINEQUALITY IN PERUVIAN NEONATAL MORTALITY GENERATED BY POVERTY AND EDUCATION, 2011-2019
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)178-184
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volumen39
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Educational Status
  • Health Inequities
  • Peru
  • Poverty
  • Social Determinants of Health

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'DESIGUALDAD EN LA MORTALIDAD NEONATAL DEL PERÚ GENERADA POR LA POBREZA Y EDUCACIÓN, 2011–2019'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto