Características epidemiológicas de la mortalidad neonatal en el Perú, 2011-2012

Jeannette Ávila, Mario Tavera, Marco Carrasco

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

17 Citas (Scopus)


Objectives. Describe the epidemiological characteristics of neonatal deaths in Peru. Materials and methods. Descriptive study based on notifications to the Perinatal and Neonatal National Epidemiological Surveillance Subsystem (PNNESS) made in 2011-2012. The capture-recapture method was used to calculate the registration of the notification and estimate the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) nationally and by regions. Responses were made to the questions: where, when, who and why the newborns died. Results. 6,748 neonatal deaths were reported to PNNESS, underreport 52.9%. A national NMR of 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births was estimated. 16% of deaths occurred at home and 74.2% of these were in the highlands region, predominantly in rural areas and poor districts. 30% died in the first 24 hours and 42% between 1 and 7 days of life. 60.6% were preterm infants and 39.4% were term infants. 37% had normal weight, 29.4% low weight, and 33.6% very low weight. Preventable neonatal mortality was 33%, being higher in urban and highland areas. 25.1% died of causes related with prematurity-immaturity; 23.5% by infections; 14.1% by asphyxiation and causes related to care during childbirth and 11% by lethal congenital malformation. Conclusions. Neonatal mortality in Peru is differentiated by setting; harms related to prematurity-immaturity dominated on the coast, while the highlands and jungle recorded more preventable neonatal mortality with a predominance of asphyxia and infections.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEpidemiological characteristics of neonatal mortality in Peru, 2011-2012
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)423-430
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul. 2015
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Cause of dath
  • Epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Neonatal mortality
  • Newborn
  • Peru (source: MeSH NLM)


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